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How Different European Countries Decide on New Laws

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How Different European Countries Decide on New Laws

Law is an integral part of society today and you would be amazed at how many people don’t know the decision making that goes behind the rules that govern our lives. How many times have you wondered why that law is there? Or who came up with it, and why? Thankfully, there is a lot of information on Dutch lawfirm Le Poole Bekema explaining how European countries, such as Holland, decide on the new laws. There’s a lot more to it than just picking and it often takes years to establish new laws.

Many counties in Europe are part of the EU and this has a massive effect on the laws they implement. The European Commission proposes laws that are inside the EU’s parameters. That is to say, they are laws that the EU approve of. The level of scrutiny of these laws is then much higher because they not only represent that country but the EU as a whole. This means the laws are heavily reviewed, checked by professionals, and updated when necessary, all so that they are as effective as possible. Any new European laws are proposed by the European Commission. The laws are set up and refined by them so that the interests of the union are protected and as a result, it’s citizens. The European Commission will send a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and also the Council of the European Union who then must reach an agreement on the text for it to become an actual law.

A lot of people can have their say in the law-making process, including businesses, members of the public, public authorities such as the police, and stakeholders. This concept, known as better regulation, is a huge part of the process of creating new laws. It shows the European Commission actually listens to those that the laws will directly affect and it is usually evidence-based. It allows the laws to be put in place for the people to improve the things that really need to be improved. this helps the Commission to reach its target at a low cost and with less work going into the admin side. It shows people that they are being listened to and therefore feels more inclusive.

There are many ways interested members of the public and shareholders can suggest new laws, such as impact assessments, legislative proposals, elements of evaluations and fitness checks, or previous laws and roadmaps where the Commission demonstrates new ideas for policies or reviews of existing ones.

Passing Law

Whenever a law is passed, the Council of the European union can authorize the Commission to take two types of acts that aren’t legislative to ensure laws are implemented properly or updated if required. If it wasn’t clear by now, the Commission is solely responsible for ensuring whether the EU laws are applied on time and in a suitable manner.  That is why many refer to it as the Guardian of Treaties. If an EU country does not apply the law in the intended fashion or worse, doesn’t make the proposed legislation part of the new law at all, it will take steps to correct this. These steps may include holding formal infringement hearings, against the particular country. This has been known to happen in the past.

The benefit of the Commission is used to set up new European laws is it is monitored heavily. The EU laws are regularly evaluated to see if they have had the desired effect they were set up to do. the findings of the evaluation will encourage the Commission to decide whether or not the EU actions have any need to be changed. They really listen to the public as anyone is able to give feedback and take part in evaluations and checks on the laws.

The impact the EU has had on European laws is astronomical. Since the Second World War, the EU has intended to deepen its integration in search of a peaceful future and growth in the economy. By regulating European laws, they are able to help in a big way and ensure the public and businesses really get their voices heard. The European Parliament is the only elected EU body and they are the ones tasked with proposing the laws, implementing decisions, regulating issues, and representing the EU around the world. It may not be able to propose legislation but laws cannot pass through it without their approval. Currently, the leader of the EU parliament is Italian politician, David Sassoli.

The Council of Ministers, also known as the Council of the European Union, are the ones who also need to approve of legislation before it passes. They consist of government ministers from all countries of the EU and they are all organized by their area of policy.

 

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Important Tips for Improving your Financial Security

Nowadays, money makes the world go around. With everything becoming digital, even banking, it’s important now more than ever to insure you protect yourself financially. Sadly, increased security only leads to criminals trying harder to get your details and access your money. Keep yourself and your money safe by following these important tips to maximize your financial security.

 

Protect Your Pin

The first thing you should do is ensure your pin is kept secure. Never share your pin with anybody, even those you trust. Always make sure if you’re entering it on your phone or at an ATM that there is nobody lurking around trying to sneak a peek. When you’re at the ATM, you should also use your hand to shield your pin. Scammers have been known to attach cameras to ATMs, so you could be giving a stranger your pin without even realizing!

Online Banking

The next step you can take to help improve your financial security is by signing yourself up to online banking. By doing this you’ll be able to access your account instantly and will be able to keep track of your finances and pay attention to any unusual looking transactions you don’t recognize. There are even a number of online banking apps designed to replace your physical bank account with an online account. These apps allow you to keep a more organised look into your spending and allows you to access your security settings and account history from your phone. If you like the sound of that, read more here and get yourself an online account sorted today. They also are perfect for accounts if you’re going on holiday, you can convert your money straight away in the app using the best conversion rate and use one card no matter where you are.

Update Your Details Regularly

You should make sure your security settings are regularly updated. Make sure to change your password regularly and try to make sure you use a different password for your bank account to all of your other passwords. Keep a note of your password and make sure it’s in a safe place where nobody can access it.

Protect your Documents

Whilst most banking correspondence is done digitally these days; you may still receive letters from your bank. These letters can often contain important details you should be sure to keep protected. If you’re wanting to throw out letters from your bank, it may be worth investing in a shredder or even having a mini bank bonfire out in your backyard. By thoroughly destroying these letters you can rest assured nobody will be able to access your private details.

Be Mindful of Scams

Unfortunately, as security measures become more complicated to get through, scams have also become a major problem as it’s become harder than ever to recognize. If you ever get an email or text from your bank asking you for ANY details whatsoever, DO NOT click the link. Instead go onto your banks official website or app and get in contact with them directly. Most banks will never contact you asking for your own details.

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How America Is Changing its DUI Laws in 2021

DUI laws refer to the criminalization of driving under the influence of intoxicating substances, this crime is something that should be taken very seriously as it puts so many people at risk for such an unnecessary reason. There is much variation in opinion when it comes to the current DUI laws, with many people arguing the penalty should be increased in order to further deter people from drink driving and consequently save lives. The current laws state that a person would be committing a DUI offense if he or she is found operating any kind of vehicle whilst under the influence of drugs or alcohol in a public space. The severity of a DUI penalty can totally depend on the circumstances of the incident and if anyone was hurt, however, we may be seeing a stricter penalty system in the future.

 

 

Current DUI Laws

The current DUI laws that are in place are highly influenced by the case-specific details of each offense, if someone was to commit this crime with minimal damages and without hurting anyone, the penalty is likely to be less severe than that of someone who injured another member of the public whilst behind the wheel. Many argue that this should not be the case as people who are prepared to drive their cars whilst intoxicated still show a lack of care for others’ safety and they shouldn’t be shown leniency just because they were lucky enough to not hurt someone.

 

A drunk driver is someone with an alcohol blood concentration of 0.08 percent or higher, readings are taken with a breathalyzer and the authorities may ask for a simple reaction test to be conducted as well. This process of gauging a person’s intoxication level has also seen much scrutinization in recent years, with general opinion being that anyone who has had a drink and is prepared to drive should face more severe consequences in the reflection of the sheer recklessness they have displayed. As previously mentioned there are further factors that can influence the severity of punishment such as DUI with a minor in the car, multiple DUI offenses, and DUI leading to serious injury or fatality. These factors would all increase the severity of the punishment as they reflect a lack of care for your safety as a driver and others around you.

 

There are also factors within DUI laws that could decrease the severity of the offense, intoxication by prescribed medications, having no previous driving offenses on your record and there is some discretion when it comes to readings close to 0.08 percent. These factors could result in a drunk driver being let off with a less drastic punishment but, not everyone agrees with this leniency and believe the punishment for a DUI offense should be taken seriously no matter the circumstances.

 

 

Legal Representation

When it comes to crimes of this nature, proper legal representation is a must due to the sheer amount of factors that come into consideration during prosecution. Boise DUI is a well known legal service particularly for cases of intoxicated driving, whether you are the offender or victim of such a crime the law currently requires a high level of factor consideration in order to determine the necessary punishment. Your legal representative should be well versed in DUI law so they can effectively represent your case and put forward any of the necessary factors that come into play around your situation. DUI law allows for some negotiation of your sentencing, so having a representative who ensures you are treated fairly and given the correct level of punishment severity would be the right way to go. Although you should not be allowed to get away with the offense by any means, you still have the right to be treated fairly in court and given the opportunity to plead your case with the proper legal representation to aid you.

 

 

How should they change in the future?

 

With some discrepancies around leniency factors within DUI law, many people are calling for a change when it comes to how people are prosecuted for getting behind the wheel under the influence. It is a common opinion that just because nobody was injured or killed during an incident, the driver still had the intention to disregard road safety so the punishment should still be severe. Rather than offering leniency factors, we may see a much more severe punishment for DUI in the future as a means to decrease the number of offenders. There seems to be a lot of evaluation involved within how people are prosecuted for driving under the influence, with many states having levels of one to five based on how serious the incident was. This is where leniency and aggravating factors come into place for a court of law to decide what the most suitable punishment would be. Currently, punishments range from a driving ban to a fine and short prison sentence, but we may see a drastic change in how DUI laws are conducted in the future.

 

Those who have fallen victim to reckless and drunk driving will understand how life-changing an incident of this nature could be, with the law currently having a rather slack attitude to this crime we could see a decrease in the amount of opportunity that is given to offenders to get a reduced punishment over the coming years.

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Essential Tips for Preparing for the LSAT

New York can be a difficult place to begin your law career. With such a competitive market and new waves of future lawyers starting everyday, it’s important to make sure that you stand out from the rest.  The most effective way to stand out in such a overpopulated career path is to achieve the highest grades you can in your LSAT. Here are some tips on how to prepare.

Revision time table

To do well in your exams, you are expected to retain a lot of detailed information, like case names and what particular laws entail. This is something that can’t be learned the night before your exams as it’s simply too much information. The best way to comfortably learn so much information is gradually over a couple of months. Set a few days a week as dedicated study time and before you know it, you’ll be ready to take on the exam.

Get a tutor

There is nothing wrong with struggling with the work for these exams, they don’t make it easy to pursue a career in law. There’s no point revising something that you don’t understand as you won’t be able to apply your new information to your exam questions. There are plenty of businesses offering LSAT tutoring in New York for very affordable prices so it may be worth looking into in order to achieve the best possible results. Even if you’re not struggling too much with preparing, tutoring will really give you the edge over other future lawyers and make sure that you get the best results.

Study buddy

Find someone that is taking the tests that you can study with. Law is largely a memory game and bouncing your knowledge back and forth from someone else is a great way to remember all the information that you need . Studying in pairs can be especially useful when it comes to remembering cases as it can be easy to forget your long line of names. An easy and fun way to remember some cases is by trying to match the case name to a description. You can get competitive with this and tally up who remembers the most, a little friendly competition is always a sure way to retain hard to remember information.

Post it notes

Invest in a colorful pack of post it notes and put them absolutely everywhere. On each post it note, write a piece of legislation or law that you need to remember and put the post it on something that you need to look at. A few good places would be on your bathroom mirror, on your wardrobe, next to your oven or on your fridge. This is a non forced way to remember important information and will mean that you are slowly picking up information in a non stressful way.

Sleep

What is most important is that you look after yourself. Make sure you’re getting at least 8 hours of sleep every night, drinking plenty of water and eating enough food. Around exam time it can be easy to forget that you need to look after yourselves, but when you’re under so much stress it is important that you make sure you put your own health first.

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