Legal

The Complete Guide to Getting an Australian Residency Visa

Every year it is estimated that thousands upon thousands of people consider emigrating to Australia on a permanent basis. The lure of the beautiful beaches. The charm of the sunny weather. The rich history and fantastic culture. It’s no surprise that so many people want to run away to Australia and never return.

But, of course, not all of these people will actually move over, for a number of reasons. Some can’t afford it. Some simply change their mind. But most simply can’t pass the visa application process or secure a residency visa.

 

Australian Immigration

Australia is one of the countries known for its tough immigration stance. It is no small feat to secure a residency visa. They operate on a points-based system that assesses all applicants on a number of different factors.

These factors include everything from an educational background and language proficiency to employment history and personal interests. No aspect of a possible immigrant’s history is ignored when deciding who to let into the country.

The Australian government decided what jobs and skills are worth more points, based on the needs of the country. Jobs such as Doctor or Engineer will improve your chances of entering the country, whereas a job working as a fast-food worker might not be to your benefit. But this isn’t guaranteed. There have been times when the country needs more labor for general jobs.

So the first step to securing your chance is getting a residency visa is to take stock of your history and information and check out how many points you will get during the process. If you meet the requirement you will be off to a good start.

 

Family

If you happen to have family in Australia, or family roots from the country, your chances are greatly improved. Like with any country, you have certain rights attached to your heritage. If you can prove this, you stand a greater chance of getting approved.

Another way you could bypass a lot of the application process is through inheritance. If a family member in Australia leaves their estate to you, you can bypass the points system of the application process. In this instance, you would need to secure professional legal help and fill out a qld family provision application to ensure you actually receive the estate in its entirety.

 

The Application Process

Once you have calculated how many points you will receive due to your history you will now need to provide a number of different checks.

The first is, of course, a passport check. You need to have a valid passport for your current country. Without one, you will be finished before you even begin your immigration journey.

Secondly, you will need to make sure you have got a full police check done and ready to provide. Australia is very strict about criminal records. Even some minor infractions can lead to you be rejected from the country outright. So before you start the process make sure you have your check done.

You will need to put together a complete and comprehensive employment history. This goes beyond a simple CV. You will need to provide proof of income and references. The Australian government needs to know you are experienced and reliable. If you have a history of unemployment or being fired a lot, chances are you won’t get into the country.

 

Job Hunting

Employment is a huge part of immigration. Australia is insistent on only allowing in people who are going to work. They want to keep unemployment numbers down and have taxes being brought in. So providing your employment history is only the first step. You need to actually secure a job.

Now it is possible for you to wait until you are moved and settled to start job hunting. But this won’t help your chances of making it into the country.

Your best bet is to start job hunting while still in your home country. Start attending online or phone interviews. Apply to as many jobs as you can, even if you get a lot of rejection notices. If you can compile a lot of evidence of trying to secure a job you will greatly improve your chances of getting approved for immigration.

If you can actually secure a job in the country, you can have that company act as a reference for your application and get it sped along. The country is more willing to allow people in if they have already secured a job. So this is one of your best bets for getting into Australia.

 

History

It never hurts to start brushing up on your Australian history and customs as well. This will play a huge part in getting into the country, but it is mainly for what comes next. A residency visa is only the first step. After that, you will want to start looking into getting citizenship for Australia.

During the citizenship test, you will have to prove you are clued up on their history. Think of it as a history test but focusing more on basic history and customs, rather than specific details.

 

We hope this has helped you understand how the application process for immigration to Australia works. It is a tricky process but is a worthwhile one. Australia is a fantastic country and, if you make it there, you will not regret your decision to move!

 

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A Brief Guide to Property Law in Melbourne Australia

Melbourne is one of the most stunning cities on the planet. Rich in culture. Home to some of the most fantastic architecture. And home to some of the friendliest and most imaginative people on the planet. So its no surprise people flock from all over the world to live in this fantastic city.

But Australia has prospered as a nation due to their strict rules and firm stance on issues such as immigration and property laws. And it is important that you fully understand the various property laws in Melbourne before you buy any property.

We are going to look at the various laws that concern regular home buyers, such as citizens or immigrants moving to Australia. And we are going to look at the more specific laws concerning real estate sales and property development within the city.

 

Buying A Home

Buying a home in Melbourne is quite similar to buying a home in other first world countries such as the UK and USA. You will need to acquire a mortgage to purchase the home unless you are fortunate enough to be able to afford to buy it outright. Acquiring a mortgage can be difficult, especially as an immigrant, but one option that may be useful for you if you have someone that can vouch for you is using a guarantor for your home loan. You can read more about how to go about this on this guide on using a guarantor for home loans to make sure you do everything correctly.

There are some provisions if you are an immigrant to Australia. Firstly, you need to have the correct type of visa to assure you can actually purchase a property. If you only have a temporary visa you cannot buy property, only rent it. You need to have a resident visa to be able to buy a property.

But, even buying a home for personal use comes with some strings. There is a lot of documentation that needs to be filed correctly, on top of any permits you need for additions such as conservatories or swimming pool installations. So it is wise to consult a property lawyer to find out if there is anything you need to be doing before buying.

 

Buying Property To Sell

Buying property with the intention to sell comes with some extra restrictions. This falls under the term Property Conveyance. This set of rules covers anyone looking to sell or rent out their property.,

The first thing to consider is zoning. Zoning decides what type of buildings are allowed in a certain plot of land. For example, a complete residential zone cannot have any major shops. An industrial zone can’t have residential houses. So, if you purchase a home you can’t just change it into a retail store simply because you want to expand.

If you did want to do that you would need to petition the local government to change the zoning rules. But this is an expensive and tiresome process.

Another thing you will have to consider is tax. Owning property comes with its own tax implications. And you need to make sure you are aware and paying these taxes. This is one of the biggest issues real estate investors face. One incorrectly filed tax form can lead to a lot of legal trouble.

 

Renting Out

When it comes to renting there are a few rules you, as the landlord, have to adhere to. The biggest one is the capacity. There are strict rules about how many people you are allowed to home in a single unit. This rule often puts a limit on the maximum and not the minimum. For example, a two-bedroom flat will most likely have a legal limit of four people.

Now you as the landlord have the right to decide if you want to hit that maximum or not. You could rent it just 2 and convert one of the bedrooms. But you cannot go over this limit. The limit is dependent on the property and often the zone as well.

You also have to adhere to the laws pertaining to being a landlord. This includes running maintenance on the property in the event of a non-fault issue occurring. You also have to make sure the people living in your property have the correct visas and permits. If you don’t check this you could land yourself in a lot of legal trouble down the line.

 

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Breaking Into the World of Law: Starting Your Own Firm

Starting your own law firm can lead you to be part of a very strong and profitable industry. Lawyers and law firms are required for a variety of tasks and it is the opinion of many that it is a crucial service. Setting up your own law firm is something that is going to take time and precision as it is such a professional industry. Here are some key steps to help you break into the world of law and become a successful and trusted firm.

 

Legal Qualifications

First things first, you are joking to have to ensure that you are qualified to start up a law firm. You will need official approval and a license to practice before thinking about a single case. In order to be a working solicitor you will need the following qualifications.

 

-Three-year undergraduate degree

-One year Legal Practice Course

-Two years of Law Skills Course

-Two-year law training contract in an established law firm

 

Once you have gone through the motions of your law training you will be able to look at setting up your own firm, I would recommend remaining as a working solicitor for some time to give you some further experience in the industry.

 

Premises

After your training in order to set up your own law firm, you will have to go about sourcing some form of premises to operate from. That could start off as a home office situation and develops into actual offices depending on your budget. You may be able to find somewhere a lot easier if you are backed by external funding or investments, I would recommend using this money to establish your firm in a stable location.

 

Hiring

 It will come as no surprise that you will be unable to set up a law firm alone, you are going to need a team of talented and effective solicitors as well as extra staff 5o help around the firm. When it comes to hiring the greatest team of employees you should advertise the positions you need and put potential applicants through a fairly rigorous interview. Working in law is a demanding profession and you will have to be sure the people you hire are up to the task, and are worthy enough to represent your firm.

 

Training

In the initial stages of setting up your law firm it would be a good idea to set up some kind of training initiative. With training you will be able to ensure that all bases of your staff’s ability is checked over, this not only allows you to test the strength of your team but also tells your staff exactly what you are looking for from them. Just because someone is qualified for a position doesn’t mean they are the right person for the job, the law industry can be a cruel place and people who represent your firm must be able to deal with this in a professional way.

 

Student Placement

A great way of getting the word out about your law firm as well as getting first dibs on budding lawyers would be to set up placement schemes for students. This would build your reputation in a positive way in your local community and get people talking about your firm. As well as publicity you would be doing something good for the public which in turn boosts your image and makes people more likely to choose your firm to represent them, when they see you doing good for the community.

 

Advertising

How you advertise your services can be crucial in bringing your firm more clients, whether you choose to market online or in a physical way you should target a wide range of people. You must ensure you have a strong online presence giving potential customers all of the information they need to decide they want you, getting a new website design is a good idea as a professional-looking page is crucial for you to be taken seriously. Like any business your image must be maintained to show that you are serious about helping your clients with their needs.

 

Expanding the firm

If you have taken all of my advice you will be sure to have made progress in terms of your firm’s growth. How you deal with the expansion of your law firm is totally dependent on the direction you wish to go in. Some choose to remain relatively local and deal with the lower scale cases but, if you have aspirations of spreading countrywide I would begin by looking at investing in another premises, location is key as you must be able to simultaneously provide legal advice in two different areas, expansion like this will require more money, more staff, and more resources but the benefits are more than worth it.

 

Customer Service

A final piece of advice to be applied to any business including law would be to maintain a strong respect for your customers. The legal industry is one that can involve some sensitive issues, it is vital that you do not forget to instill a level of professionalism towards clients and their cases. This can be implemented through inspections and training regarding client interaction, particularly for those who are fresh out of Law school with little experience, customer service can be overlooked. However it is the simple things like being respectful towards clients that will give you and your law firm a professional reputation.

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How Different European Countries Decide on New Laws

How Different European Countries Decide on New Laws

Law is an integral part of society today and you would be amazed at how many people don’t know the decision making that goes behind the rules that govern our lives. How many times have you wondered why that law is there? Or who came up with it, and why? Thankfully, there is a lot of information on Dutch lawfirm Le Poole Bekema explaining how European countries, such as Holland, decide on the new laws. There’s a lot more to it than just picking and it often takes years to establish new laws.

Many counties in Europe are part of the EU and this has a massive effect on the laws they implement. The European Commission proposes laws that are inside the EU’s parameters. That is to say, they are laws that the EU approve of. The level of scrutiny of these laws is then much higher because they not only represent that country but the EU as a whole. This means the laws are heavily reviewed, checked by professionals, and updated when necessary, all so that they are as effective as possible. Any new European laws are proposed by the European Commission. The laws are set up and refined by them so that the interests of the union are protected and as a result, it’s citizens. The European Commission will send a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and also the Council of the European Union who then must reach an agreement on the text for it to become an actual law.

A lot of people can have their say in the law-making process, including businesses, members of the public, public authorities such as the police, and stakeholders. This concept, known as better regulation, is a huge part of the process of creating new laws. It shows the European Commission actually listens to those that the laws will directly affect and it is usually evidence-based. It allows the laws to be put in place for the people to improve the things that really need to be improved. this helps the Commission to reach its target at a low cost and with less work going into the admin side. It shows people that they are being listened to and therefore feels more inclusive.

There are many ways interested members of the public and shareholders can suggest new laws, such as impact assessments, legislative proposals, elements of evaluations and fitness checks, or previous laws and roadmaps where the Commission demonstrates new ideas for policies or reviews of existing ones.

Passing Law

Whenever a law is passed, the Council of the European union can authorize the Commission to take two types of acts that aren’t legislative to ensure laws are implemented properly or updated if required. If it wasn’t clear by now, the Commission is solely responsible for ensuring whether the EU laws are applied on time and in a suitable manner.  That is why many refer to it as the Guardian of Treaties. If an EU country does not apply the law in the intended fashion or worse, doesn’t make the proposed legislation part of the new law at all, it will take steps to correct this. These steps may include holding formal infringement hearings, against the particular country. This has been known to happen in the past.

The benefit of the Commission is used to set up new European laws is it is monitored heavily. The EU laws are regularly evaluated to see if they have had the desired effect they were set up to do. the findings of the evaluation will encourage the Commission to decide whether or not the EU actions have any need to be changed. They really listen to the public as anyone is able to give feedback and take part in evaluations and checks on the laws.

The impact the EU has had on European laws is astronomical. Since the Second World War, the EU has intended to deepen its integration in search of a peaceful future and growth in the economy. By regulating European laws, they are able to help in a big way and ensure the public and businesses really get their voices heard. The European Parliament is the only elected EU body and they are the ones tasked with proposing the laws, implementing decisions, regulating issues, and representing the EU around the world. It may not be able to propose legislation but laws cannot pass through it without their approval. Currently, the leader of the EU parliament is Italian politician, David Sassoli.

The Council of Ministers, also known as the Council of the European Union, are the ones who also need to approve of legislation before it passes. They consist of government ministers from all countries of the EU and they are all organized by their area of policy.

 

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Health & Safety Regulations Every Small Business Owner Must Know

Keeping your small business afloat is a lot of responsibility. But one of the most important aspects of owning a small business is ensuring you are aware and compliant of health and safety regulations. They ensure your employees and clientele are kept safe. Failure to comply can lead to injury or damage which can be expensive to deal with and detrimental to your small business. While it shouldn’t be an issue for the vast majority of small businesses, it’s probably worth noting that your employees have the right to refuse to do any task they deem as unsafe. So, if you’re wanting to make sure your business is on top of its health and safety, pay attention to this advice and be sure to do your own research – or else your business could be on the line.

Furniture

In order to prevent injury and potential lawsuits, it’s probably worth checking the furniture you have around your workspace. Check your desks and chairs are sturdy and unlikely to break. If you’re unsure it may be worth investing in some new furniture that passes health and safety regulations. For example, the best office chairs to invest in if you’re wanting to ensure you’re meeting health and safety regulations are like the office chairs reviewed here. Don’t take any chances, your employees and clients should always be your number one priority.

Cleanliness

It should be a given, but it is very important you keep your workspace as clean as possible. It could be worth investing in a cleaner, but if it isn’t in your budget, you should ensure your workspace is given a deep clean at least every two weeks. It may also be worth establishing a basic cleanliness standard that all your employees are aware of. Make sure your soap dispensers are consistently topped up and add a sign beside your sinks to remind people to wash their hands. It could also be worth in investing in some hand sanitizer pumps around the workspace.

Fire Safety

Also, an extremely important aspect of keeping your workspace safe is ensuring you’re on top of your fire safety. Make sure you test your fire alarms regularly and have a fire escape plan in place that your employees are confident with. Ensuring you have fire extinguishers around your workspace could be the difference between a burnt-up microwave and losing the entirety of your workspace.

Space to People Ratio

Many people may not know this but there is a regulation in place to ensure your employees have an adequate amount of space to work in. To stay within regulation, you should ensure per employee, there is at least 41 square feet of office space.

Obstructions

To help reduce the risk of injury, it’s important to limit the clutter in your workspace. Any doors, especially fire exits, should never be blocked and walkways should be clear. Should the worst happen, and you and your employees need to exit the workspace quickly, it shouldn’t be made any more difficult by obstructions. Don’t put your business at risk and keep your workspace tidy.

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What are Consumer Protection Laws and Why are they Important?

The world of corporate law is a vast and often confusing world. And it is important for anyone looking to step into the legal world to be able to understand some of the more important aspects of it. To that end, we are going to be looking at consumer protection laws and why they are important. This guide will cover the topics in a basic manner, looking at the different aspects of consumer protection laws and why they are so important to, not only your legal career but the world as a whole.

The Basics

To put it simply, consumer protection laws do what it says on the tin. They are laws designed to protect consumers. But what does this mean? Essentially these laws look at making sure businesses are not price-gouging customers, protecting customer data, being truthful to customers and giving them a fair, proper customer experience. Things such as warranties and return policies are determined by consumer protection laws. Businesses can be hurt or even shut down if they do not adhere to these laws and individuals who run the businesses, can be fined, or even prosecuted for breaching these laws.

KYC

Know Your Customer, or KYC, is a method within the business world that is used to establish information about a customer. This system works two-fold, it benefits the business but also protects the customers. KYC is often a system that collects data from a customer, willingly, while they are using their business. This data is kept and stored and allows a business to tailor their experience to the customer, but also allows them to make sure a client is who they say they are. This is how KYC protects the customer. It is a system that stops fraudsters very early on. If a customer’s information has been stolen, KYC is used to make sure nothing fraudulent happens. Customer protection laws work their way into KYC. Businesses are required, by law, to make sure the customer data is secure and safe and not being misused for malicious, or fraudulent purposes. KYC can be handled on-site by a business or by an outside company. I tried KYC solutions from Fully-Verified.com and it proved to be an insightful look into how KYC works and was beneficial to my own company.

Importance

Why are these laws so important? They are not only designed to protect customers but also to keep businesses in check. Without these laws, companies would be free to do whatever they wish. They would be able to produce an advertisement that lies about products, meaning customers would not be getting the product they expect. This could cause a lot of harm, especially for products that have potentially life-threatening implications. Without these laws, companies would be able to sell faulty, or ineffective products, and not allow customers to claim on warranties or returns the products for a refund. This would essentially let scammers and fraudulent businesses run rampant. Without these laws, businesses would be allowed to use customer data however they want. They could sell it to whoever they like and cause serious harm to their customers.

The Next Step?

If you are interested in working in cooperate law, specifically in the field of customer protection laws, there are a number of ways you can go about it. There are a lot of active firms that are built around making sure businesses are adhering to these laws.  Watchdog organizations and the like are great places to look. It is also a good practice to look at how different countries handle their customer protection laws. For example, the EU has blanket customer protection laws for any company operating within Europe, even if they are based somewhere else.

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Important Tips for Improving your Financial Security

Nowadays, money makes the world go around. With everything becoming digital, even banking, it’s important now more than ever to insure you protect yourself financially. Sadly, increased security only leads to criminals trying harder to get your details and access your money. Keep yourself and your money safe by following these important tips to maximize your financial security.

 

Protect Your Pin

The first thing you should do is ensure your pin is kept secure. Never share your pin with anybody, even those you trust. Always make sure if you’re entering it on your phone or at an ATM that there is nobody lurking around trying to sneak a peek. When you’re at the ATM, you should also use your hand to shield your pin. Scammers have been known to attach cameras to ATMs, so you could be giving a stranger your pin without even realizing!

Online Banking

The next step you can take to help improve your financial security is by signing yourself up to online banking. By doing this you’ll be able to access your account instantly and will be able to keep track of your finances and pay attention to any unusual looking transactions you don’t recognize. There are even a number of online banking apps designed to replace your physical bank account with an online account. These apps allow you to keep a more organised look into your spending and allows you to access your security settings and account history from your phone. If you like the sound of that, read more here and get yourself an online account sorted today. They also are perfect for accounts if you’re going on holiday, you can convert your money straight away in the app using the best conversion rate and use one card no matter where you are.

Update Your Details Regularly

You should make sure your security settings are regularly updated. Make sure to change your password regularly and try to make sure you use a different password for your bank account to all of your other passwords. Keep a note of your password and make sure it’s in a safe place where nobody can access it.

Protect your Documents

Whilst most banking correspondence is done digitally these days; you may still receive letters from your bank. These letters can often contain important details you should be sure to keep protected. If you’re wanting to throw out letters from your bank, it may be worth investing in a shredder or even having a mini bank bonfire out in your backyard. By thoroughly destroying these letters you can rest assured nobody will be able to access your private details.

Be Mindful of Scams

Unfortunately, as security measures become more complicated to get through, scams have also become a major problem as it’s become harder than ever to recognize. If you ever get an email or text from your bank asking you for ANY details whatsoever, DO NOT click the link. Instead go onto your banks official website or app and get in contact with them directly. Most banks will never contact you asking for your own details.

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Essential Tips for Preparing for the LSAT

New York can be a difficult place to begin your law career. With such a competitive market and new waves of future lawyers starting everyday, it’s important to make sure that you stand out from the rest.  The most effective way to stand out in such a overpopulated career path is to achieve the highest grades you can in your LSAT. Here are some tips on how to prepare.

Revision time table

To do well in your exams, you are expected to retain a lot of detailed information, like case names and what particular laws entail. This is something that can’t be learned the night before your exams as it’s simply too much information. The best way to comfortably learn so much information is gradually over a couple of months. Set a few days a week as dedicated study time and before you know it, you’ll be ready to take on the exam.

Get a tutor

There is nothing wrong with struggling with the work for these exams, they don’t make it easy to pursue a career in law. There’s no point revising something that you don’t understand as you won’t be able to apply your new information to your exam questions. There are plenty of businesses offering LSAT tutoring in New York for very affordable prices so it may be worth looking into in order to achieve the best possible results. Even if you’re not struggling too much with preparing, tutoring will really give you the edge over other future lawyers and make sure that you get the best results.

Study buddy

Find someone that is taking the tests that you can study with. Law is largely a memory game and bouncing your knowledge back and forth from someone else is a great way to remember all the information that you need . Studying in pairs can be especially useful when it comes to remembering cases as it can be easy to forget your long line of names. An easy and fun way to remember some cases is by trying to match the case name to a description. You can get competitive with this and tally up who remembers the most, a little friendly competition is always a sure way to retain hard to remember information.

Post it notes

Invest in a colorful pack of post it notes and put them absolutely everywhere. On each post it note, write a piece of legislation or law that you need to remember and put the post it on something that you need to look at. A few good places would be on your bathroom mirror, on your wardrobe, next to your oven or on your fridge. This is a non forced way to remember important information and will mean that you are slowly picking up information in a non stressful way.

Sleep

What is most important is that you look after yourself. Make sure you’re getting at least 8 hours of sleep every night, drinking plenty of water and eating enough food. Around exam time it can be easy to forget that you need to look after yourselves, but when you’re under so much stress it is important that you make sure you put your own health first.

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